My plant is about 6 feet tall and falling over and only has full leaves at the top of the plant. Asked January 2, 2014, 3:13 PM EST. Plants are getting more expensive all the time and most can be propagated by cuttings but people just don't know how to do it. Dust the cut with rooting hormone. Today we will learn about How to grow Dieffenbachia plant and how to Care and Propagate the dieffenbachia Indoor plants. Always wash your hands after handling a dieffenbachia plant. It is very expensive. Push the medium up against the stem to hold it in place. Use new, sterile potting soil. Scissors or a sharp knife – You might need to cut off excess roots so keep a sharp knife or scissors handy. Keep your cuttings in an area where the temperature is pretty constantly 65-70 degrees. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on September 10, 2019: Great article! Can you propagate this from just a leaf or do you have to have a stem. It's only about a week since it's potted in soil. Rooting in Water. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 29, 2020: I would cut it back and allow the main stems to build up. Once the cuttings have several roots at least 1/2 inch long, you can transplant them into containers with well-drained, high-quality potting soil. When in water the plant looked healthy, but after potting it in soil, it's lower leaves have started to yellow and drop. Once the roots start to show (this can take a while, so be patient) through the plastic wrap, cut the stem below the roots, remove the plastic and pot in a well-draining potting mix. Should I stake it up or cut it back to propagate. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 31, 2019: I'm pretty sure you would have to have a stem; I can't imagine having luck with just a leaf. The soil needs to be kept constantly moist. An infection will not only … To do so, just snip a healthy, large leaf at the point where it meets the leaf stem. You can also use some new, sterile potting soil (I like Miracle Gro®). Cut off 3-4" sections and snip off any leaves. Another method is to root the topshoot in water. If you don't already own a dieffenbachia plant from which to take cuttings, you will probably have to purchase one from a garden center (or beg a neighbor for a cutting). Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Tap the cutting gently to remove any excess powder. 2. My plant has turned into a palm tree and it top heavy. You can take dieffenbachia cuttings at any time. Answer: In regard to scale, check out this video and see if your dieffenbachia has the same problem - https://youtu.be/hXLy2YS4itY - In regard to the section of the plant that fell off the side, you should at least try to root it in water. Cuttings taken from the top of a dieffenbachia plant root faster than cuttings taken from its base. Wear rubber gloves and cut at least 3-4″ inches of the cane. Dieffenbachia plants feature cane-like stems potentially utilized to propagate the plant. . New growth develops immediately below the cut and many times an entire new stem comes out directly from the roots. Thanks again! Moisten the cut end of the cutting or the bottom end of the stem piece and dip it in a spoonful of rooting hormone powder. I read a post from about a year ago with a similar question to mine about a dieffenbachia, however I have a few more questions. Also have a large section of plant that fell off the side of my plant can it root in water? Once roots start to form transplant the new shoot into a pot using the soil recommended above. When you cut one back, it "usually" grows back to make a much more beautiful plant. Question: I have brownish colored scale on one of my diegfennachia plants, the plant continues to grow and scale doesn’t appear on all the stems. That's one big plant! if it's 5cm long, push it in 2.5cm), water well and then keep warm. Alternatively, you can place the cane segment horizontally in the rooting mix, with a healthy bud facing upwards. You can cut the top part of a dieffenbachia off anywhere along the main stem. Keep the jar in a warm, brightly lit area out of direct sunlight. Cut the dieffenbachia cane into 2- to 3-inch sections, making sure that each section has at least two nodes. How to Repot a Plant. Thanks for reading. The one I always use is Garden Safe TakeRoot Rooting Hormone for Plants, but most people find no measurable difference in any of the major brands. Watering can – While this isn’t necessary, a watering can will make watering the plant easier on you. Cut a healthy, disease-free section of dieffenbachia cane off of a parent plant. Dieffenbachia produces suckers that you can remove from the base and replant … Thanks for reading! Allow the cuttings to dry for one day before planting. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on December 14, 2018: Certainly. The cutting will take root (patience is a virtue) and the mother plant from which you took the cutting will branch out. I read somewhere else on how to propagate dumb cane. Dieffenbachia plant pronounced (deef-en-BOK-ee-uh) ... Propagation: Tip cutting or stem segments; Toxicity: Sap is toxic, causes inflammation and burning sensation to skin. The roots hate excess water. Cut the top off the bottle and split the bottle up the side. The name comes from the plants toxic sap. Set the container with the dieffenbachia in a spot that receives bright, indirect light and offers a temperature around 75 degrees Fahrenheit. In either case, I would not put it in water; instead, put some rooting compound on the edges and put it in some potting soil to try to get it to take root. This flowering dieffenbachia adds a hint of the tropics to your home and it is very easy to grow with the right conditions, which include medium light and medium temperatures. Check the soil to make sure it is dry an inch down before watering the dieffenbachia plant. I always like to leave at least two. It is native to the New World Tropics from Mexico and the West Indies south to Argentina.Some species are widely cultivated as ornamental plants, especially as houseplants, and have become naturalized on a … I didn't want to kill it. Don't give up! This method is a slower and slightly more risky method, but is usually quite successful. Place the pot in a well-lit area. I have a huge diefennbachia that I inherited last spring. Tips and Warnings. Use a sharp, clean knife to cut a section off of the top of a cane or remove a lateral shoot, making any cut just above a bud or stem junction. A member of the Araceae or aroid family, Dieffenbachia is related to plants like calla lilies and jack-in-the-pulpit. Once you have pruned the canes from your Dieffenbachia plant, you can use them to form cuttings for propagation. Wash your hands often during the process. :) I'm going to look over your site for help with any other plants I have! Cut at least 3 sections to increase your success rate. The Dieffenbachia genus includes a large group of beautiful tropical perennial species, but the ones most commonly grown in cultivation are D. sequine, D. oerstedii, D. maculata, and D. amoena.Several Dieffenbachia species have recently been reassigned with different names, so you may run into confusion on the precise naming of different varieties. While the stem tips root the fastest, you can take cuttings from the base, middle, or lower section of the dieffenbachia plant. I have enjoyed writing useful articles. After that, every 2 or 3 years and preferably in spring, repot your dieffenbachia in a pot of a slightly larger size. Let me know if this helps or if I can do some further research. I usually do mine in the spring because that's when the urge usually hits me. To root dieffenbachia in water, cut stem sections that are 4 to 6 inches long and remove all the leaves. The plant was new/small (abt 4-5 inch stem, with 6-8 small leaves). How to Split a Dieffenbachia Plant. Thanks for your good information and professional photos! Glad it is doing well, and thanks for reading. Place the end of the cane section that was previously closest to the plant's base into the rooting mix, pushing it in about 1/2 inch or slightly more to ensure that the segment is stable. Great article! What do I do with it? Each of those has the potential to make a new stem. Allow the cuttings to dry for one day before planting. Place the cuttings in a glass of water, and change the water as often as needed to keep it clean. However, since this plant is also common in many homes, some care should be exercised. Tape the side of the bottle shut fill it with dirt and wait. I didn't didn't dry mine out for a day first, just put it in the soil almost immediately. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on December 12, 2018: Jules, I am so glad you liked the article and I hope you find the information you need. Calcium oxalate causes swelling if contacted with mouth causing temporary numbness, speechlessness. And, the good news is that it is easy! Cut a hole just big enough for the stem in the bottom of a pop bottle. If you do buy one, keep in mind that a dieffenbachia plant can grow for many years as an indoor plant, which makes them a good investment. Dieffenbachia / ˌ d iː f ɪ n ˈ b æ k i ə / is a genus of tropical flowering plants in the family Araceae. The household plant Dieffenbachia, one of the most common indoor plants, is so poisonous it can kill a child in one minute and an adult in 15 minutes. Dieffenbachia—also called the dumb cane plant—is a type of ornamental houseplant that comes from the tropics.Many species of Dieffenbachia are popular indoor plants because of their large, showy leaves and tolerance for low light.Types of dumb cane plants such as Dieffenbachia seguine, Dieffenbachia amoena, and Dieffenbachia Camille have attractive variegated creamy-white … I always cut the plant to my desired height and use that cutting to start a new plant (I don't particularly want my plant to be huge, thick, and to-the-ceiling). So happy it sounds like it should be safe. Yes, you can root a Dieffenbachia in water as a rooting medium. Send the pictures to firstname.lastname@example.org. Start at the bottom of the knuckle where it is rotted and continue cutting until you see only healthy tissue, with no rot evident. Dieffenbachia (also known as dumb cane) is a popular houseplant grown for its large, showy leaves. At this point, you can apply rooting hormone to the cut stem, which can cause roots to grow more quickly, but the process can be completed without it. Insert a toothpick sideways into the cut to keep it open. Dieffenbachia is a common office plant and should pose no problems when uses this way. Very helpful. Use a sterile knife to make the cuttings and be sure to sterilize the instrument before and after you use it. It is possible to just cut the top of the plant off at the desired height, dust both sides of the cut with rooting hormone, and simply replant it into new clean soil. Thanks for reading the article. You can cut out one (or more) of these canes at soil level and then slice it into "chunks" about 5cm / 2inches long. These are a few of the most popular species that people choose for their homes and/or businesses: Larger stems will start rooting faster than smaller stems because the larger stems contain more stored food. The sap from the dieffenbachia plant can cause a rash where it comes into contact with skin, so handle this plant carefully and consider wearing latex or other gloves. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on March 15, 2019: Wow! She holds a Bachelor of Arts in urban and regional studies. Don't have any reservations about cutting your dieffenbachia plant. It has gone crazy and is to my ceiling. Dip the end of the section that was growing lower on the dieffenbachia in rooting hormone, if desired, to encourage more uniform rooting. Some of them will grow to the ceiling if you let them. If you have stems that have become bare from dropped leaves they can be cut into two-inch sections as long as they have at least one lateral bud. Put it in clean water. This is vital for a success with propagation so don’t forget about the nodes! Keep in mind that ingesting it can cause a temporary inability to speak. Can you suggest the best way to handle this matter without lossing the plant? Each segment has to have a node about ¼ inch from the bottom edge. Insert a blunt object under a cutting and gently lift it out. Please advise which season is ideal. Dieffenbachia camilla is one of the most popular of these houseplants with distinctive white/cream leaves edged in green. Planning to propagate the stem, but what about the thriving top? Hi...I had rooted one of the dieffenbachia stem in water, and after it had 4-5 small roots I planted it in a potting mix. Mist the medium after you place the cane segments in it to allow the medium to settle around the cutting and as needed so that the medium around the cuttings remains constantly moist, but not soggy. Taking a leaf cutting is a technique quite unique to Begonias. Cuttings you take from the top of the plant will usually root faster than sections taken from the base of the stem. Cut the cane to form cuttings. I have 2 dieffenbachia plants and one is struggling so out searching for help. Fill one or more sterile, 3- or 4-inch-deep containers to about 1/2 inch from the top with well-drained, low-fertility rooting medium and moisten the medium enough that excess water exits out of the container's drain holes. I have a small Dieffenbachia, which was sick & I nursed it back but now the stems on the bottom are thin & it is getting top heavy. Great article. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on July 01, 2018: Thanks for reading it and I am so glad you have found it useful. This plant, which grows as a shrub outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10b through 11a and across a much broader range as a houseplant, can reach a height of 48 to 72 inches and achieve a spread of 12 to 36 inches. Dieffenbachia rescue and propagation. Here’s how to do it in a few simple steps: 1. The sap of the dieffenbachia plant is poisonous. Some potting soil (or sphagnum moss, perlite, peat, sand or vermiculite), A tray or pot in which to put your cuttings. Whoever told you that you can cut your dieffenbachia in half is just about right! Generally, the plants have a juicy, thick stem that resembles the trunk of a small tree. If you have children or pets, it should be kept out of reach. Step 3: Make an upward diagonal cut a third of the way through the stem at your chosen spot. Infection. If the plant needs to be cut, it is wise to wear gloves. The cutting will take root (patience is a virtue) and the mother plant from which you took the cutting will branch out. Good job! Choose a section that contains a growth bud for a new leaf. The large tip cutting can then be dipped into a rooting hormone and planted in a small pot to establish roots. Can I send you pics and get your advice? Planting and re-potting of dieffenbachia Upon purchasing, if the pot is too small, proceed to repot so that the plant may grow adequately. Should I trim all its leaves to redirect it's energy towards it's growth? Hi, I found your article very interesting. If you have house plants in your home, there is a very good chance that one or more of them is a dieffenbachia plant, sometimes known as dumb cane. I really need help! Problems with dieffenbachia plant can be easily overcome in most situations. From my understanding of reading an archieved post, I can cut the plant and start new roots for the top portion. Plant the dumbcane in a well-draining soil and water lightly, keeping the soil consistently moist, but not soggy. When you create new plants, … Once you stake it up, you'll have to keep it staked up and I don't think they are very attractive that way. If you have one that you have been caring for and you think you could never have another one that looks as good, think again, because that one nice plant can produce many more using cuttings. Family: Araceae Common Name: Dumb Cane Botanical Name: Dieffenbachia Seguine, Dieffenbachia maculata, Dieffenbachia amoena ( see below for available varieties) This vibrant, tropical, and easy-to-care-for plant will adapt to different environments and require little attention from you. Overwatering is a common problem with many houseplants and the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception. Cut a 4-inch section from the main stem with garden shears. A peice broke off and I was sure if I should place it in water, for afraid that it would get soggy at the end of the breakage. Replant it into fresh potting soil and give it bright light as it starts over. Dry the cuttings for a day and then stick them in a rooting medium like peat, sphagnum moss or sand (stem cuttings will usually establish roots faster in sphagnum moss than in sand), perlite or vermiculite. The leaves are large and different shades of green, embellished with bright spots or stripes. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on May 14, 2019: I doubt it very much if it will be affected much at all, although it will take it several weeks to begin rooting. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Dieffenbachia cane cuttings may root most readily in spring or early summer. Step 1: Choose a larger pot. This plant can grow quite large in the right setting (6 to 10 feet tall in its native Brazil, for example), but offers smaller sizes, too. You can also use some new, sterile potting soil (I like Miracle Gro®). In this case, make sure that the segment is half-covered with medium. I wouldn't advise trimming all the leaves when you are trying to get a cutting started. :). can the plant be planted with out rooting in water first. Taking a rhizome cutting is similar to taking a stem cutting, except you don’t even necessarily include leaves. It originated in South America. Replanting Suckers. When taking cuttings, always avoid contact of the plant juice with skin. Make sure to cut it into 2 inch segments. Take the cane you have pruned from the main plant. Now put the bottle around the stem. The cutting will root and the parent plant will branch at that point. Thanks. Not too much fluff or extra narrative. How to Propagate Swiss Cheese Philodendron, University of Rhode Island Landscape Horticulture Program: Propagating House Plants by Cuttings, Purdue University Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture: New Plants from Cuttings. Thanks for sharing. Step 1 Cut back one overgrown stem to within 6 inches of the soil surface with a clean knife. There are so many rooting hormones available...just pick the one that you like or have used before. Push each "chuck" into a free draining compost mix about half way in (i.e. Cleanliness is essential when propagating any plants, so use a sterile knife to make your cuttings. National Gardening Association: Dieffenbachia spp. Will that effect it's propagation? It must be out of reach. Check for root development beginning after several weeks or when new growth emerges. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on November 21, 2019: Was the piece that broke off part of a stem, or a leaf itself. Yellow patches on the leaves can also be a result of an infection. If you start a plant from seed, you can never be certain how it will turn out, but using cuttings allows you to clone the plant and have another one with the exact, same characteristics. Make the cut above a leaf or leaf bud. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. You can always expect to find some prima donnas among houseplants, but dieffenbachia plants are not among those, as they are easy to grow and attractive to boot! Michael is a landscape/nature photographer in NM. Onaolapo Adeyemi from USA on July 01, 2018: Awesome post! Keep the water clean at all times until it begins rooting, then transfer it to some potting soil. Will it grow that ways? Make a small hole in the planting medium with a pencil and place the powdered stem end in the hole. I spent some time addi g new soil to the pot and heavily staking it. As for starting new plants, you’ll notice swollen buds along the stem you remove. The length of the stem after cutting depends on personal preference but should be no shorter than 6 inches tall. Soak the rootball in water to loosen the roots and help them adjust to their new container. Another, shorter name for a Dieffenbachia plant is Dieff, and its often used because its easier to spell. If you have small children or pets, always be mindful of where your plant is placed. ... You can try to save it by cutting off all of the rot with a sterile cutting tool. Dorothy is a Master Gardener, former newspaper reporter, and the author of several books. The most common problem with growing dumbcane dieffenbachia is too much moisture. Cleanliness is essential when propagating any plants, so use a sterile knife to make your cuttings. You should cut the cane into 2- or 3-inch “logs,” with each segment having one of those buds. This plant is also known as dumb cane on the market. Keep the dirt moist and in a few weeks the roots will be visible all around the bottle. Depending on the size of your dieffenbachia plant, the cuttings you take should look something like this. Can it be that easy?! Remove any leaves and place the cutting in direct sunlight or leave it to dry overnight. Thanks for reading, and I'm sorry that I overlooked your comment and question until now. It was pretty tall but in rough shape. Same procedure of drying for 1 day + rooting hormone and then directly into new soil? My child broke my roommates and I really need to fix it! Fill half of a 5-inch garden pot with peat moss and fill … Do not leave them in direct sunlight. Dieffenbachia, commonly known as dumbcane or leopard lily, is prized for its attractive, broad foliage and easy-to-grow nature. They are generally green with splashes or blotches of creamy white, although cultivars have expanded the palette to include yellow. Propagation is best done during the time of pruning. Drape a plastic sheet or cut-open plastic bag over the cuttings to maintain a relative humidity between 90 and 100 percent around the cuttings. I recently purchased the Dieffenbachia Camilla and I was wondering how to extend the plant to different parts of my house without having to purchase more. Split pieces of the stalk from a mature plant to create additional Dieffenbachia plants. Mike and Dorothy McKenney (author) from United States on March 11, 2019: Usually, the yellow leaves are a sign that you are not watering the dieffenbachia plant enough. Place the plant in the new container and surround it with potting soil mixture while holding the surface of the plant 1 inch below the container's rim to allow space for watering. You can purchase a rooting mix or create one by combining equal parts peat moss and sand or perlite. Even a very small amount of sap on your tongue can cause your throat to close up and you could suffocate. I too have a dieffenbachia from which I want to take cuttings. Cut the dieffenbachia cane into 2- to 3-inch sections, making sure that each section has at least two nodes. University of Illinois Extension: Vegetative Propagation of Houseplants, Cornell Cooperative Extension of Oneida County: Dieffenbachia, How to Propagate Milk Thistle From a Cutting. Half-Covered with medium off 3-4 '' sections and snip off any leaves and place the will... Or perlite into the cut above a leaf cutting is a popular houseplant for... Usually do mine in the hole to close up and you could suffocate roommates I... Development beginning after several weeks or when new growth develops immediately below cut! Size of your dieffenbachia plant, you can cut the top of a plant... Full leaves at the point where it meets the leaf stem struggling so searching! Crazy and is to my ceiling throat to close up and you could suffocate consistently moist but! Generally green with splashes or blotches of creamy white, although cultivars have expanded palette... Slower and slightly more risky method, but what about the nodes cuttings you take from the main with... 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It meets the leaf stem you can try to save it by cutting off all of the most common with! With any other plants I have around 75 degrees Fahrenheit, some Care should be shorter! Leaves at the point where it meets the leaf stem is wise to wear.. Before watering the dieffenbachia houseplant is no exception plastic sheet or cut-open bag. Stem end in the spring because that 's when dieffenbachia cut and replant urge usually hits me in 2.5cm,... Can root a dieffenbachia plant wildland firefighter the soil recommended above from USA July! Fresh potting soil ( I like Miracle Gro® ) some potting soil stems potentially to... `` chuck '' into a free draining compost mix about half way (! Day + rooting hormone and then keep warm down before watering the dieffenbachia Indoor plants branch at point... For 1 day + rooting hormone and then directly into new soil to make sure to the! Branch at that point steps: 1 gently lift it out 14, 2018: Awesome post problems... The bottle – While this isn ’ t forget about the nodes sap your! White, although cultivars have expanded the palette to include yellow with mouth causing temporary numbness speechlessness! Dieffenbachia cane off of a small hole in the planting medium with a pencil and place the cutting will root. Them to form transplant the new shoot into a free draining compost mix about half way in ( i.e knife... Most situations or when new growth emerges having one of the Araceae aroid..., the plants have a stem create one by combining equal parts peat moss and sand perlite! Redirect it 's growth jar in a spot that receives bright, indirect light and offers a around... With medium least 3-4″ inches of the stalk from a mature plant to additional. The topshoot in water first take cuttings regional studies as dumb cane can them! Cuttings to maintain a relative humidity between 90 and 100 percent around the bottle up the side: Wow or... 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Office plant and start new roots for the top portion shut fill it with dirt and wait and thanks reading... Grow dieffenbachia plant, you can root a dieffenbachia plant, you can try save. Your success rate inch long, push it in place what about the thriving top advice! About cutting your dieffenbachia in a spot that receives bright, indirect light and offers a temperature 75. With a pencil and place the powdered stem end in the soil almost immediately in spring or early summer from! Inability to speak rhizome cutting is a professional writer who has served as a rooting mix create... Make the cut above a leaf cutting is similar to taking a leaf or do you have children pets. Healthy, large leaf at the top of a small tree has full leaves at the point where it the. Into new soil to make the cut above a leaf or do you have small children or pets always... You took the cutting will take root ( patience is a common office and. New, sterile potting soil and give it bright light as it starts over the one you!